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Nineteen Eighty-Four (sometimes written 1984) is a 1949 dystopian novel by George Orwell about an oligarchical, collectivist society. Life in the Oceanian province of Airstrip One is a world of perpetual war, pervasive government surveillance, and incessant public mind control. The individual is always subordinated to the state, and it is in part this philosophy which allows the Party to manipulate and control humanity. In the Ministry of Truth, protagonist Winston Smith is a civil servant responsible for perpetuating the Party's propaganda by revising historical records to render the Party omniscient and always correct, yet his meagre existence disillusions him to the point of seeking rebellion against Big Brother, eventually leading to his arrest, torture, and reconversion.
As literary political fiction, Nineteen Eighty-Four is a classic novel of the social science fiction subgenre. Since its publication in 1949, many of its terms and concepts, such as Big Brother, doublethink, thoughtcrime, Newspeak, and Memory hole, have become contemporary vernacular. In addition, the novel popularized the adjective Orwellian, which refers to lies, surveillance, or manipulation of the past in the service of a totalitarian agenda.
In 1998, the Modern Library ranked Nineteen Eighty-Four thirteenth on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.
George Orwell - 1984 (Audio Book) - Part 1
Nineteen Eighty Four 1984
Nineteen Eighty-Four (sometimes 1984) is a 1984 British science fiction film, based upon George Orwell's novel of the same name, following the life of Winston Smith in Oceania, a country run by a totalitarian government. The film was written and directed by Michael Radford and stars John Hurt, Richard Burton (in his last film role), and Suzanna Hamilton.
Differences from novel
- The film features a salute, which does not appear in the novel. It is done by holding one's arms up and making the wrists cross each other in the shape of a small V.
- In the book, the Ministry of Plenty is called miniplenty in the Newspeak; in the film its Newspeak name is miniprod, which suggests that its full name is "Ministry of Production". Winston's working place, which is called the Records Department (recdep) of the Ministry of Truth in the novel, is referred to as minirec ("Ministry of Records") in the Newspeak language of the film.
- In the film, Party members call each other "brother" or "sister" instead of "comrade" as in the novel.
- In the novel, both Winston and Julia visit O'Brien at his private residence for information about joining the Brotherhood. In the film, only Winston meets with O'Brien, and the purpose of their meeting remains ambiguous; O'Brien does not explicitly reveal his affiliation with the Brotherhood as he does in the novel.
- The film does not elaborate on the reason why Aaronson, Rutherford, and Jones were made to confess to being traitors and counterrevolutionaries. Jones is shown making his public confession on the telescreen at an early stage in the film , whereas in the book these men - original leaders of the revolution before Big Brother had been heard of - had been purged over a decade earlier.
- In the film, there is no mention of Neo-Bolshevism or "Death-Worship". In the book, these are described as the respective (but functionally identical to each other) ideologies of the two rival superstates, Eurasia and Eastasia.
- In this film version (and in the 1954 television play), Goldstein's illegal book, disguised as a Newspeak dictionary, is given to Winston by O'Brien during their meeting in O'Brien's apartment; in the novel, it is handed to him in a briefcase resembling his own amid the hubbub of Hate Week, after the alignments of the war had changed (or not changed, according to doublethink). The Newspeak dictionary was used by O'Brien, in the novel, as a pretext for giving Winston his address.
- In the novel, when Winston is locked up, he meets a woman that might possibly be his mother; the film seems to suggest the mother died as Winston found her carcass being devoured by rats.
- In the novel, Winston is suffering from an ulcer on his ankle that itches terribly and a bad cough; both subside as his affair with Julia progresses. In the film, he only has the cough. Because of the ulcer on his leg, Winston does not strip off his overalls during intercourse until the encounter in which Julia paints her face.
- The film takes little account of Winston's venturing into the area of the Proles. Notable cuts include: seeing a riot over price of pots and pans, being near numerous bombing attacks, and Winston talking to a very old man who has memories of life before the Party and state of Oceania came into being.